‘In event of moon disaster’: The speech prepared in case Apollo failed
In event of a moon disaster: 1969 speech prepared for then-president Nixon reveals Apollo 11 astronauts would have been abandoned and left to ‘STARVE or commit suicide’ if return plans failed
- A contingency speech was prepared in the case that NASA’s Apollo 11 failed
- Astronauts would have been abandoned on the moon and left to starve or worse
- The speech was written for President Richard Nixon in 1969 by William Safire
- Instead of the somber speech, astronauts received a phone call from Nixon
There was a chance that the first men to walk on the moon’s surface might never return.
That grim prospect, though ultimately unrealized, wasn’t lost on some of the most important people eagerly watching astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin venture forth into space during NASA’s historic Apollo 11 landing.
In a contingency speech written almost exactly 50 years ago for President Richard Nixon, titled ‘IN EVENT OF MOON DISASTER,’ speechwriter William Safire opined on the hypothetical loss of the astronauts.
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President Richard Nixon was prepared in the even that NASA’s Apollo 11 mission ended in tragedy. A contingency speech (pictured) was written to address tragedy, if it occurred
‘Fate has ordained that the men who went to the moon to explore in peace will stay on the moon to rest in peace,’ reads the opening paragraph to the speech.
‘These brave men, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, know that there is no hope for their recovery.
‘But they also know that there is hope for mankind in their sacrifice.’
According to the documents, Nixon’s address would have followed calls to the astronauts’ wives which the speech describes as ‘widows-to-be’ and set forth instructions for a clergy member.
‘A clergyman should adopt the same procedure as a burial at sea, commending their souls to ‘the deepest of the deep,’ concluding with the Lord’s Prayer,’ reads the speech.
At this point, as reported by Meet the Press in 1999, astronauts would have been forced to come to terms with their fate.
Safire told the outlet that abandonment of the astronauts would portend two fatal outcomes.
Buzz Aldrin is shown walking on the moon in a photo taken by Neil Armstrong
‘If they couldn’t [do it], they’d have to be abandoned on the moon, left to die there,’ Safire said in an interview with Meet the Press.
‘The men would either have to starve to death or commit suicide.’
Even in the case of a fatal outcome, the prospective speech leaves the door open for future space exploration, setting the stage for missions to come.
‘Others will follow, and surely find their way home. Man’s search will not be denied. But these men were the first, and they will remain the foremost in our hearts,’ reads the speech.
Fortunately for the astronauts, their loved ones, and those looking to expand space exploration, all three of the mission’s crew members made it back safely and instead of the somber speech, the explorers received a congratulatory — and televised — phone call.
‘Because of what you have done, the heavens have become a part of man’s world,’ Nixon told the astronauts.
WHAT WAS THE APOLLO PROGRAM?
NASA photo taken on July 16, 1969 shows the huge, 363-foot tall Apollo 11 Spacecraft 107/Lunar Module S/Saturn 506) space vehicle launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39. Kennedy Space Center (KSC), at 9:32 a.m. (EDT).
Apollo was the NASA programme that launched in 1961 and got man on the moon.
The first four flights tested the equipment for the Apollo Program and six of the other seven flights managed to land on the moon.
The first manned mission to the moon was Apollo 8 which circled around it on Christmas Eve in 1968 but did not land.
The crew of Apollo 9 spent ten days orbiting Earth and completed the first manned flight of the lunar module – the section of the Apollo rocket that would later land Neil Armstrong on the Moon.
The Apollo 11 mission was the first on to land on the moon on 20 July 1969.
The capsule landed on the Sea of Tranquillity, carrying mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin.
Armstrong and Aldrin walked on the lunar surface while Michael Collins remained in orbit around the moon.
When Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon, he said, ‘That’s one small step for (a) man; one giant leap for mankind.’
Apollo 12 landed later that year on 19 November on the Ocean of Storms, writes NASA.
Apollo 13 was to be the third mission to land on the moon, but just under 56 hours into flight, an oxygen tank explosion forced the crew to cancel the lunar landing and move into the Aquarius lunar module to return back to Earth.
Apollo 15 was the ninth manned lunar mission in the Apollo space program, and considered at the time the most successful manned space flight up to that moment because of its long duration and greater emphasis on scientific exploration than had been possible on previous missions.
The last Apollo moon landing happened in 1972 after a total of 12 astronauts had touched down on the lunar surface.
Astronaut Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin unpacking experiments from the Lunar Module on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission. Photographed by Neil Armstrong, 20 July 1969
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