Runner stumbles upon a dinosaur fossil on a Scottish beach proving that stegosaurs were roaming the Inner Hebrides 166 million years ago
- Researcher Elsa Panciroli made the unexpected discovery on the foreshore
- The Isle of Eigg is only the second Scottish location with known dinosaur bones
- Researchers say it was a type of stegosaur with evidence of a plate on its back
The fossilised bone of a dinosaur that died more than 166 million years ago has been found by a scientists while running along the shore to meet her research team.
Elsa Panciroli made the ‘serendipitous discovery’ on the Isle of Eigg. It is the first fossil belonging to a stegosaurian to be found in Scotland outside Skye.
A research affiliate for National Museums Scotland, Dr Panciroli said she ‘ran right over it’ and wasn’t exactly sure what type of dinosaur it belonged to initially.
She said that in 200 years of searching the area ‘no-one has found a dinosaur before, so this is quite special’ and a ‘hugely significant find’.
Elsa Panciroli made the ‘serendipitous discovery’ on the Isle of Eigg. It is the first fossil belonging to a stegosaurian to be found in Scotland outside Skye
This is an artist’s impression of how the Eigg dinosaur might have looked more than 166 million years ago when it lived in the area that is now the Scottish island
Globally, Middle Jurassic fossils are rare and until now the only dinosaur fossils found in Scotland were on the Isle of Skye.
‘This bone is 166 million years old and provides us with evidence that stegosaurs were living in Scotland at this time,’ said Dr Panciroli.
The bone dates to the Middle Jurassic period and is about 200 inches long – it was found in a boulder on the foreshore of the island.
Though it had been badly damaged by the waves, enough remained for a team of palaeontologists to study it and discover more about the creature.
The bone was extracted and taken to a laboratory to be removed from the rock, where it was found to be part of the hind limb of a stegosaur.
The new Eigg dinosaur fossil found by Panciroli dates to the same period of time as similar fossils found on the Isle of Skye.
The Isle of Eigg is already known for its Jurassic fossils, particularly marine reptiles and fish, first discovered by 19th century geologist Hugh Miller.
Dr Steve Brusatte, of the University of Edinburgh, co-authored a paper on the find and said it was a ‘remarkable’ discovery.
‘Nobody, not even Hugh Miller himself, had found dinosaur bones on Eigg before,’ Dr Brusatte marvelled.
The dinosaur bone found by Dr Panciroli was discovered inside a boulder and had to be sent away to be removed and studied
Isle of Eigg, Inner Hebrides, Scotland is the second known location of dinosaur fossils found in Scotland – other fossils were fish or sea animals
‘This fossil is additional evidence that plate-backed stegosaurs used to roam Scotland, which corroborates footprints from the Isle of Skye that we identified as being made by a stegosaur.’
The bone is now in the collections of National Museums Scotland in Edinburgh.
The fieldwork on the Isle of Eigg was funded by the National Geographic Society with the permission of The Isle of Eigg Heritage Trust.
The paper is published in Earth And Environmental Transactions Of The Royal Society Of Edinburgh.
HOW THE DINOSAURS WENT EXTINCT AROUND 66 MILLION YEARS AGO
Dinosaurs ruled and dominated Earth around 66 million years ago, before they suddenly went extinct.
The Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event is the name given to this mass extinction.
It was believed for many years that the changing climate destroyed the food chain of the huge reptiles.
In the 1980s, paleontologists discovered a layer of iridium.
This is an element that is rare on Earth but is found in vast quantities in space.
When this was dated, it coincided precisely with when the dinosaurs disappeared from the fossil record.
A decade later, scientists uncovered the massive Chicxulub Crater at the tip of Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula, which dates to the period in question.
Scientific consensus now says that these two factors are linked and they were both probably caused by an enormous asteroid crashing to Earth.
With the projected size and impact velocity, the collision would have caused an enormous shock-wave and likely triggered seismic activity.
The fallout would have created plumes of ash that likely covered all of the planet and made it impossible for dinosaurs to survive.
Other animals and plant species had a shorter time-span between generations which allowed them to survive.
There are several other theories as to what caused the demise of the famous animals.
One early theory was that small mammals ate dinosaur eggs and another proposes that toxic angiosperms (flowering plants) killed them off.
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