One in five UK adults believe the Apollo 11 mission was faked, according to a new study.

Ahead of the 50th anniversary of the historic moon landing tomorrow, a survey of 2,000 UK adults by Opinium Research revealed that 21% think it was an elaborate hoax.

This breaks down as 8% who say it was definitely faked and 13% who say it was probably faked.

The results back up a similar survey by YouGov in April , which found that 16% of Brits think the moon landing was staged.

Interestingly, in that study, younger people were more likely to believe the moon landing was staged than older respondents.

The belief that the moon landing was faked by the American government is one of the world's most enduring conspiracy theories.

People have pointed to everything from the movement of the American flag to the angle of the light as "evidence" that it was filmed in a studio or the desert, and then slowed down to make it look like there was less gravity.

A common theory is that film director Stanley Kubrick helped NASA fake the historic footage of its moon landings.

However, a film expert recently explained why the moon landings footage would have been impossible to fake, because the technology simply didn't exist.

"There are two different ways of capturing moving images," wrote Howard Berry, filmmaker and lecturer in film post-production at the University of Hertfordshire, in an article for The Conversation .

"One is film, actual strips of photographic material onto which a series of images are exposed. Another is video, which is an electronic method of recording onto various mediums, such as moving magnetic tape."

At the time of the broadcast, magnetic disk recorders capable of storing slow motion footage could only capture 30 seconds in total, for a playback of 90 seconds of slow motion video.

To capture 143 minutes in slow motion – the length of the moon landing broadcast – you’d need to record and store 47 minutes of live action, which simply wasn't possible.

Berry said that NASA could have had a "super secret extra storage recorder" to create slow motion footage, but he is "doubtful" they would have had one almost 3,000 times more advanced.

If they had shot it on film, they would have needed six and a half reels of film, which would then need to be joined together.

"The splicing joins, transfer of negatives and printing – and potentially grains, specks of dust, hairs or scratches – would instantly give the game away," said Berry.

"There are none of these artefacts present, which means it wasn't shot on film."

In fact, the video from the first moon landing was recorded at ten frames per second in SSTV (Slow Scan television) with a special camera, making it extremely difficult to slow down.

With regard to claim the flag is "blowing in the wind", when there is no wind on the moon, Berry says this is simply not true.

"After the flag is let go, it settles gently and then doesn't move at all in the remaining footage. Also, how much wind is there inside a TV studio?" he said.

"There’s wind in the desert, I’ll accept that. But in July, the desert is also very hot and you can normally see heat waves present in footage recorded in hot places.

"There are no heat waves on the moon landing footage, so it wasn't filmed in the desert."

The lighting is also clearly from the Sun and not a spotlight, according to Berry, addressing claims that the shadows on the lunar surface look weird.

"If the light source were a nearby spotlight, the shadows would originate from a central point. But because the source is so far away, the shadows are parallel in most places rather than diverging from a single point," he said.


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