VETERANS Day is a federal holiday to commemorate soldiers, Marines, and airmen who have served.  

An armistice was signed between the Allied nations and Germany on November 11, 1918, to halt the hostilities of World War I and that is why the holiday is celebrated that day every year.

What is Veterans Day?

Veterans Day became a holiday in America beginning in May of 1938.

The holiday, originally known as Armistice Day, was dedicated initially to world peace and World War I soldiers.

However, Congress was urged by veteran associations to drop the Armistice from its name and change it to “veterans” after World War II required the greatest mobilization of soldiers, airmen, and Marines.

The legislation became official on June 1, 1954, and November 11th became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.

That year on October 8, President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued the first Veterans Day proclamation which also designated a chairman of the Veterans Day Committee.

The proclamation said: "In order to ensure proper and widespread observance of this anniversary, all veterans, all veterans' organizations, and the entire citizenry will wish to join hands in the common purpose. 

“Toward this end, I am designating the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs as Chairman of a Veterans Day National Committee, which shall include such other persons as the Chairman may select, and which will coordinate at the national level necessary planning for the observance.

“I am also requesting the heads of all departments and agencies of the Executive branch of the Government to assist the National Committee in every way possible."

How did World War I end?

World War I ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919. 

The war involved the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire against the Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the US.

The Allied Powers claimed victory after four years of incessant fighting where nearly 16million soldiers and civilians died. 

Many factors happening in Europe contributed to the war but the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the catalyst. 

What is open on Veterans Day?

Government businesses such as banks, schools, the Postal Service, and public libraries are closed, as well as many offices.

Malls, supermarkets, and other retail stores remain open.

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