Schools should make pupils do some of their coursework ‘in front of teachers’, exam boards say – amid fears students are using AI bots like ChatGPT to cheat
- Amid the rise of ChatGPT, concerns have been raised about students cheating
- AI is able to create writing almost indistinguishable from that of human
- Exam boards have now published guidance for teachers in the context of AI use
Pupils should be made to do some of their coursework ‘in class under direct supervision’, exam boards have said – amid fears students are cheating their way through school.
Recently, breakthroughs in artificial intelligence such as ChatGPT have led to concerns that young people may use them to achieve higher grades.
The program is able to create writing and other content – such as coursework or essays – almost indistinguishable from that of a human.
The Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ), which represents the UK’s major exam boards, has published guidance for teachers and assessors on ‘protecting the integrity of qualifications’ in the context of AI use.
Schools should make pupils aware of the risks of using AI and the possible consequences of using it ‘inappropriately’ in assessment, the guidance said.
Pupils should be made to do some of their coursework ‘in class under direct supervision’, exam boards have said – amid fears students are cheating their way through school (stock image)
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It adds: ‘Students who misuse AI such that the work they submit for assessment is not their own will have committed malpractice, in accordance with JCQ regulations, and may attract severe sanctions.’
It comes as experts warn schools may need to move to a more ‘traditional’ version of assessment in the form of exams, rather than coursework, in order to ensure what is produced is the pupil’s own work.
Daisy Christodoulou, director of education at No More Marking and who was once hailed as ‘Britain’s brightest student’, revealed teachers had difficulty telling the difference between a short essay written by eight-year-olds and ChatGPT.
Speaking at a Commons Science and Technology Committee she said: ‘We asked our teachers when they were assessing them to see if they could spot them (ChatGPT answers), and basically they couldn’t,’ she said.
‘They were more likely to pick an essay that had been written by a real child and say that had been written by ChatGPT.
‘So it writes very good essays that are very hard to detect. It was only eight-year-olds, I know, but we’re going to repeat it with some older students.’
When asked whether the technology might mean schools will have to reintroduce more intensified exam and exam environments, she replied: ‘Yes I think it does, and I think it should.
Recently, breakthroughs in artificial intelligence such as ChatGPT have led to concerns that young people may use them to achieve higher grades
ChatGPT fast facts – what you need to know
- It’s a chatbot built on a large language model which can output human-like text and understand complex queries
- It launched on November 30, 2022
- By January 2023, it had 100 million users – faster than TikTok or Instagram
- The company behind it is OpenAI
- OpenAI secured a $10 billion investment from Microsoft
- Other ‘big tech’ companies such as Google have their own rivals such as Google’s Bard
‘I think that the coming of ChatGPT does just mean that doing any of those assessments in uncontrolled conditions just puts you in a situation where you don’t know if the work has been completed by the student or not. So that’s why I think you have to have exams.
‘We do need to have a good, hard look at how we assess and I do think that ChatGPT has huge implications for continuous assessment coursework. I think it’s very hard to see how that continues.
‘I think some of the people making decisions don’t realise quite how powerful a tool ChatGPT is – that it is capable of producing original, very hard to detect, relatively high-quality responses to any kind of question.
‘And they won’t be perfect, but they’ll be good enough for a lot of students. And I think that means that uncontrolled assessments where you’re not sure how the student has produced that work become very, very problematic.
‘So I do think we have to be thinking that there is a value in having exams and having those traditional exams where you know that it is their own work and their own thinking.
‘It is very, very hard to spot ChatGPT tasks.’
Rose Luckin, Professor of Learner Centred Design at University College London, disagreed.
‘Exams are stressful, they don’t produce accurate outcomes, they’re outdated and not part of the learning process,’ she told MPs.
‘We don’t need those final exams.’
On a later panel science teacher Joel Kenyon, from Dormers Wells High School in Southall, said: ‘I don’t think you’ll ever know the number of people using it.
‘In terms of risk to students’ education – in my subject I think it’s relatively low risk but mainly because of the things I teach and the way it’s assessed for, because it’s assessing the exam.
‘They haven’t got access to any of this (ChatGPT). And the assessments that I do in my lessons and the questioning I do in my lesson they don’t have access to them either.
‘I imagine the subjects that are coursework-based will be significantly more impacted.’
Dr Matthew Glanville, head of assessment principles and practice for the International Baccalaureate, added: ‘Its going to have a far bigger impact in some of the coursework areas.’
Elon Musk’s hatred of AI explained: Billionaire believes it will spell the end of humans – a fear Stephen Hawking shared
Elon Musk wants to push technology to its absolute limit, from space travel to self-driving cars — but he draws the line at artificial intelligence.
The billionaire first shared his distaste for AI in 2014, calling it humanity’s ‘biggest existential threat’ and comparing it to ‘summoning the demon.’
At the time, Musk also revealed he was investing in AI companies not to make money but to keep an eye on the technology in case it gets out of hand.
His main fear is that in the wrong hands, if AI becomes advanced, it could overtake humans and spell the end of mankind, which is known as singularity.
That concern is shared among many brilliant minds, including the late Stephen Hawking, who told BBC in 2014: ‘The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.
‘It would take off on its own and re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate.’
AI Despite his fear of AI, Musk has invested in San Francisco-based AI group Vicarious, DeepMind, which has since been acquired by Google and OpenAI, creating the popular ChatGPT program that has taken the world by storm in recent months.
During a 2016 interview, Musk noted that he and the OpenAI created the company to ‘have democratization of AI technology to make it widely available.’
Musk founded OpenAI with Sam Altman, the company’s CEO, but in 2018 the billionaire attempted to take control of the startup.
His request was rejected, forcing him to quit OpenAI and move on with his other projects.
OpenAI launched ChatGPT in November, which became an instant success worldwide.
The chatbot is a large language model trained on a massive amount of text data, allowing it to generate eerily human-like text in response to a given prompt.
ChatGPT is used to write research papers, books, news articles, emails and more.
And while Altman is basking in its glory, Musk is attacking ChatGPT from all ends.
He says the AI is ‘woke’ and deviates from OpenAI’s original non-profit mission.
‘OpenAI was created as an open source (which is why I named it ‘Open’ AI), non-profit company to serve as a counterweight to Google, but now it has become a closed source, maximum-profit company effectively controlled by Microsoft, Musk tweeted in February.
Although it may seem OpenAI is on Musk’s target list, the billionaire is still concerned about AI reaching the singularity.
The word ‘singularity’ is making waves worldwide as artificial intelligence advances in ways only seen in science fiction – but what does it actually mean?
In simple terms, singularity describes a hypothetical future where technology surpasses human intelligence and changes the path of our evolution.
Experts have said that once AI reaches this point, it will be able to innovate much faster than humans.
There are two ways the advancement could play out, with the first leading to humans and machines working together to create a world better suited for humanity.
For example, humans could scan their consciousness and store it in a computer where they will live forever.
The second scenario is that AI becomes more powerful than humans, taking control and making humans its slaves – but if this is true, it is far off in the distant future.
Researchers are now looking for signs of AI reaching singularity, such as the technology’s ability to translate speech with the accuracy of a human and perform tasks faster.
Former Google engineer Ray Kurzweil predicts singularity will be reached by 2045.
He has made 147 predictions about technology advancements since the early 1990s and 86 percent have been correct.
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