Women whose nans were exposed to toxic DDT are more likely to be obese

Women whose GRANDMOTHERS were exposed to the toxic pesticide DDT are more likely to be obese, study warns

  • Researchers studied the granddaughters of women exposed to DDT in 1960s
  • The pesticide DDT was widely used around the world during this time 
  • It was banned after it was found to damage the human hormone control system
  • Scientists found women whose grandmothers were exposed are more likely to be obese, start periods earlier and have high blood pressure and diabetes  

The outlawed harmful pesticide DDT is still affecting human health 35 years since it was banned in the UK. 

A study has found women whose grandmothers were exposed to the chemical are up to three times more likely to be obese than those descended from grandmothers who avoided the now globally prohibited pesticide. 

It also revealed the granddaughters of exposed women are more likely to begin their first period at a younger age than their peers and may be at heightened risk of high blood pressure, diabetes and other diseases.

DDT — dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane — is a potent chemical developed during World War Two which was used globally as a pesticide for decades. 

But it was eventually phased out and banned as it was revealed to be toxic to humans, affecting the body’s endocrine system which controls hormones. 

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A study has found women whose grandmothers were exposed to the pesticide DDT are up to three times more likely to be obese than those descended from grandmothers who avoided the now globally prohibited pesticide (stock)

Effects of DDT 

DDT was used widely across the United States to kill off the mosquitoes that were spreading polio.

In 1972 the Environmental Protection Agency banned the chemical because of the adverse environmental effects, and it is now classified as a probable human carcinogen.

Mammals exposed to DDT have an increased risk of liver tumours, and rats become sterile.

DDT accumulates in fatty tissue but there is no proven link that it causes cancer in humans.

The Stockholm Convention bans DDT for all uses apart from attempts to stop the spread of malaria.

DDT was banned in the US in 1972, in the UK in 1986 and globally in 2001 under the Stockholm Convention. 

Its use and a person’s exposure can be studied by scanning blood samples for the chemicals it breaks down into, such as DDE and o,p’-DDT.

Previous research using DDE found exposure to the pesticide may increase a person’s Alzheimer’s risk whereas the new study looked at o,p’-DDT, a contaminant of commercial DDT.

The study was run by the US Public Health Institute’s Child Health and Development Studies (CHDS) and the University of California at Davis and is the first of its kind to look at the health effects of a toxic environmental chemical over three generations.

‘Our study shows for the first time in people that environmental chemicals like DDT may also pose health threats to our grandchildren,’ said Barbara Cohn, director of CHDS and senior author of the study. 

The CHDS project is a a long-running study which has followed 20,000 pregnant women and their families in the US for more than 60 years.

It started in 1959, when DDT was widely used, and blood samples were obtained from women in their third trimester of pregnancy to determine their DDT exposure.

When a baby girl is born, she already has all her eggs in her body and some of these may be fertilised later in her life and become her children. 

Therefore, when a woman is pregnant, not only is she carrying her own child, but that foetus carries the eggs which will become her grandchildren.  

Researchers used the study’s set-up to study how exposure of these foetal eggs to DDT via their grandmother affects their life. 

‘These data suggest that the disruption of endocrine systems by DDT initiates in immature human eggs, decades before the eggs are fertilized,’ said co-lead author of the study Michele La Merrill from University of California Davis. 

Measurements and questionnaires were dished out to 365 granddaughters of the study’s earliest enrollees. 

Findings have been published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.  

Chemical pesticide use must be slashed in HALF by 2030 to protect insects, conservationists warn

The UK must halve its use of chemical pesticides in the next decade to halt declining numbers of bees, butterflies and other wildlife, conservationists warn. 

A report published by the Wildlife Trusts highlights the issues facing beleaguered invertebrate species, and what is being done to help them. 

One of the recommendations of the report is that the UK needs to commit to either matching, or exceeding, the EU’s pledge to halve the use of pesticides by 2030.

The report said 16,900 tonnes of pesticides were applied to the countryside every year

In addition, spraying in towns, cities and gardens is seeing chemicals poured down the drain, affecting ecosystems. 

The conservation groups warn that in the wake of Brexit, there should be no weakening of existing UK pesticide standards.

Instead, they urge the Government to support farmers and aid them in adopting insect-friendly farming practices. 

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