Coconut oil belongs to an elite group of natural ingredients that can be used in the kitchen as well as your beauty routine. However, while coconut oil had a major moment, its time in the spotlight wasn't without controversy.

The benefits of oil pulling and using coconut oil for hair growth are debatable, but there is science behind the positive effects coconut oil can have on the skin.

"Coconut oil has primarily anti-inflammatory and hydrating properties in the skin," says Dr. Mona Gohara, board-certified dermatologist and associate clinical professor of dermatology at Yale School of Medicine. "This is not just speculative, there is actual scientific corroboration for this." Dr. Gohara points out one study that found coconut oil to be hydrating for adult atopic dermatitis (eczema).

"For thousands of years, tropical countries have been harvesting coconuts, and a large amount of these populations depend on coconut palm for their livelihoods," says Krupa Koestline, clean cosmetic chemist and founder of KKT Consultants. "This is because, uniquely, all parts of the coconut palm have high nutritional and economic value."

Maybe you're hoping that jar of raw coconut oil in your kitchen can double as a one-step skincare routine or you want to get some of its benefits by using products infused with it. Either way, the two experts help us set the record straight on how to properly use coconut oil on your skin.

How Do You Use Raw Coconut Oil on the Skin?

Coconut oil is known for containing lauric acid, which is antimicrobial and can fight acne-causing bacteria, and also contains other saturated and unsaturated fatty acids.

When looking for raw coconut oil, Koestline says that virgin coconut oil is what's been studied and shown to be beneficial for dry skin, like those who have eczema. "Virgin Coconut oil (VCO) has been evaluated extensively for its potential as an antioxidant and anti-stressor with promising results, attributed to its polyphenol content," she explains. "It has shown to reduce inflammation, lipid per oxidation, stress reduction after exercise or chronic cold exposure."

What About Skincare Products With Coconut Oil in Them?

On top of a better user experience, pre-formulated products can boast additional benefits. "They can be equally effective or more effective if combined with other hydrators," says Dr. Gohara. "Also premixed products may be a bit more cosmetically elegant to use."

Koestline recommends a formulas that also contain additional nourishing ingredients like "plant-derived oils, butters, and waxes like jojoba oil, hemp seed oil, and even floral oils like camellia oil." There's also a good reason why it pops up in moisturizers. "As coconut oil is used in a lot of hydrating formulations, you'll often see it with aloe vera and hyaluronic acid as well."

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What Skin Types Can Use Coconut Oil?

While coconut oil can help minimize breakouts, it's also said to be comedogenic, leading to clogged pores and acne. Both Dr. Gohara and Koestline say this is a myth.

Koestline points out that a number of factors can contribute to clogged pores in addition to skincare, including "hormonal changes, diet, stress, poor hygiene, or skincare."

Coconut oil is safe for all skin types to use, but Dr. Gohara reiterates that any ingredient, including coconut oil, can be an irritant for some people. "Like any other new product a potential irritant or allergic reaction is always a possibility," she says. "This is not unique to coconut oil!"

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From non-toxic makeup and skincare to sustainability practices, Clean Slate is an exploration of all things in the green beauty space.





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