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In her leaving speech outside No. 10, the Iron Lady told of her “11-and-a-half wonderful years” in office and said the country was in a “much better state than when we came here”. Her controversial premiership had divided both the Conservative party and the country.

61 years ago (1961) The Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, with Enos, a chimpanzee, on board.

Part of the US Mercury spaceflight programme, it was the first time the Americans had launched a primate into space. The craft orbited the Earth twice before splashing down off the coast of Puerto Rico.

47 years ago (1975) Motor racing legend Graham Hill, 46, died when the small plane he was piloting clipped a row of trees before crashing in Hertfordshire amid bad weather conditions.

Four passengers on board the aircraft also died.

Hill was on his way from France to attend a party in London.

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